Kwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi

Duk da manyan fa'idojin da ci gaban kwamfuta ya kasance, akwai kuma wasu rashi kamar ci gaban ƙwayoyin cuta na kwamfuta, wannan shine matsalar da ke iya haifar da lahani mai yawa ga kayan mai amfani ko na kamfanoni, shi yasa aka yi bayanin wannan labarin by ƙwayoyin cuta 5 masu haɗari a tarihi

-5-mafi-hatsari-ƙwayoyin cuta-a-tarihi-2

Manyan ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi: Ayyukan

Lokacin da muke magana game da ƙwayoyin cuta na kwamfuta muna magana game da shirye -shiryen da ake amfani da su don lalata tsarin kwamfuta, ko dai don haifar da zamba, satar bayanai, da sauran nau'ikan hare -hare. Lokacin da na'urar ta kamu da ƙwayar cuta, gabaɗaya a yau akwai hanyoyi da yawa don magance ta, ta amfani da takamaiman shirye -shirye don kawar da ita, duk da haka akwai nau'ikan ƙwayoyin cuta masu ƙarfi.

Idan kuna son tsara wasannin don kwamfutarka, to ana gayyatar ku don karanta labarin ta Yadda ake ƙirƙirar wasa don PC ɗin ku, domin a fahimci yadda yakamata a yi amfani da kowane kayan aiki don samun wasan da ake so

Tare da ci gaban fasaha, an kuma sami ci gaban ƙwayoyin cuta, waɗanda ke haifar da matsaloli a lokacin, daga cikinsu za a iya haskaka ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi, waɗanda suka yi babban tasiri saboda lalacewar da aka samu, wasu daga cikinsu wanda ba za a iya gyarawa ba, shi ya sa aka nuna su a ƙasa tare da manyan halayensu:

ILOVEYOU

-5-mafi-hatsari-ƙwayoyin cuta-a-tarihi-3

  • Yana da malware wanda aka sani don cutar da kwamfutoci daban -daban a cikin shekara ta 2000
  • Ya kamu da kusan kashi 10% na kwamfutocin da ke da ikon shiga intanet
  • An san cewa har ta shafi na'urorin CIA
  • Hakanan ta kamu da kayan aikin Pentagon
  • An aiwatar da kamuwa da cutar ta hanyar harin imel
  • Ya kan aika saƙonni da wasiƙa ta hanyar wasiƙar soyayya
  • Lokacin da aka buɗe fayil ɗin wasiƙar, ƙwayar cuta ta kamu da kwamfuta da na'urori
  • Saboda kamuwa da cutar ta kasance mai sauƙin samarwa, an san cewa ta haifar da kashe kuɗi da yawa a cikin lalacewar da aka samu, kusan dala biliyan 10
  • Shiga cikin ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi
  • Ya haifar da matsaloli da yawa ga gwamnati cewa an katse tsarin wasiƙun lantarki don gujewa kamuwa da cutar
  • Masu shirye -shirye biyu ne daga Philippines suka kirkiro shi
  • Sunayen wadanda suka kirkiro su sune Reonel Ramones da Onel de Guzmán
  • An yi nufin ƙungiyoyin ba su da ikon kunnawa
  • A cikin wasiƙar soyayya akwai ƙwayar cuta a cikin tsarin fayil ɗin rubutu
  • Yana da lambar ɓarna wacce ke da alhakin aika wannan imel ɗin ta atomatik zuwa lambobin da mai amfani ya mallaka
  • An fi sani da cutar soyayya
  • An samo shi a cikin tsutsa
  • An samu nasarar haifuwar wannan ƙwayar cuta ta hanyoyin sadarwa na lantarki
  • An yi canje -canje ga fayiloli akan kwamfutar
  • Mahaliccinsa guda biyu ba su taɓa shiga kurkuku ba saboda a lokacin babu wata doka da ta hana irin wannan aikin
  • Share fayiloli tare da nau'ikan kari daban -daban kamar: .JS, .JSE, .CSS, .WSH, .SCT da .HTA,
  • Hakanan yana ganowa da share fayilolin watsa labarai da fayilolin hoto
  • Sace kalmomin shiga na tsarin aiki
  • Hakanan, ita ce ke da alhakin satar bayanan kalandar mai amfani

 Lambar Kafa

-5-mafi-hatsari-ƙwayoyin cuta-a-tarihi-4

  • An kuma san shi da cutar Red Code
  • An sani cewa an gan shi a karon farko a cikin shekara ta 2001
  • Ma'aikatan Tsaro na Digital Digital guda biyu ne suka gano shi.
  • Sunanta ya fito ne daga abin sha na Red Red Dew saboda ma’aikatan biyu suna sha a lokacin da aka gano cutar.
  • Shiga cikin ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi
  • Ana ganin yana cikin nau'ikan ƙwayoyin cuta na tsutsa
  • Yana yin abin dubawa ga kwamfutoci tare da shigar da sabar gidan yanar gizon Microsoft IIS
  • Ana amfani dashi azaman hanya ta hanyar amfani da matsalar ambaliyar ruwa a cikin tsarin
  • Ya bar ƙima kaɗan a kan rumbun kwamfutarka
  • Da ikon gudu gaba ɗaya a ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya
  • Hare -haren da ta kai sun kasance kan ayyuka daban -daban
  • Daya daga cikin shahararrun hare -haren shine akan gidan yanar gizon Fadar White House.
  • An nuna shi ta hanyar sanyawa a shafukan yanar gizon da suka kamu da saƙo wanda ke cewa: "Sinawa sun yi kutse"
  • Matsalolin da aka haifar sun yi yawa sosai wanda ya haifar da asarar kusan dala biliyan biyu
  • Ina kuma haifar da asarar yawan aiki.
  • A matsayin muhimmin yanki na bayanai, an san cewa kusan sabobin miliyan biyu ne wannan cutar ta kamu.
  • Ya ƙunshi ikon wuce gona da iri ba tare da barin shaida akan rumbun kwamfutoci ba
  • Ya yi kwafin kansa da yawa ta yadda ba ta ƙyale kwamfutar ta yi wani aikin ba
  • Yana da girman kusan 4 Kb.
  • Ba ya canza kowane shafin HTML
  • Kuma ba ta yin kwafin fayil tare da lambar sa akan injin da ya kamu.
  • Koyaushe yana aiki mazaunin ƙwaƙwalwa
  • Ya kasance mai kula da katse ayyukan al'ada na sabar,
  • Gabaɗaya, kamuwa da cutar an yi ta ne akan kwamfutocin da ke da tsari a cikin Ingilishi
  • An san maganin cire wannan ƙwayar don sake saita kwamfutar.

Melissa

  • Sunanta ya fito ne daga sunan wani ɗan rawa mai rawa daga Florida
  • Wanda ya kirkiro wannan ƙwayar cuta shine David L. Smith a 1999.
  • Dangane da dabarun injiniyan zamantakewa
  • Shiga cikin ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi
  • Wata sifar wannan ƙwayar cuta ita ce ta ɓoye a kan kwamfuta ta amfani da fayil ɗin Kalma
  • Lamarin farko na wannan kwayar cutar shine ranar 26 ga Maris
  • Tare da wannan fayil ɗin an gabatar da shi azaman hanyar shiga shafukan batsa daban -daban kuma ya adana kalmomin shiga don shiga
  • Kwayar cutar ta kamu da kwamfutoci lokacin da aka aiwatar da fayil ɗin
  • An kuma tura shi ga duk adireshin imel na mai amfani
  • Ina samar da karuwa a cikin zirga -zirgar imel
  • Ya tarwatsa ayyukan imel na gwamnatoci da kamfanoni daban -daban.
  • Siffar kwayar cutar ita ce ta kwaikwaiyo ne kawai ta amfani da adireshin imel na farko na 50 na mai amfani da abin ya shafa
  • An sani cewa a wannan yanayin idan marubucin cutar, Smith
  • Koyaya, ina yin aiki tare da FBI don samun damar kama wasu marubutan cutar
  • Mahaliccin wannan ƙwayar cuta kawai yana da hukuncin watanni 20 da tara
  • Ya haifar da hargitsi da yawa a cikin mutanen da ke da iko a cikin sarrafa kwamfuta
  • An sani cewa Microsoft da Intel sun toshe duk hanyoyin samun dama don hana wannan kwayar cutar ci gaba da amfani da lalatattun tsarin sa

Sasser

  • An kuma san wannan cutar da W32 / Sasser.worm ko Worm.Win32.Sasser.b
  • An gano shi a cikin 2004
  • Mahaliccinsa shine Sven Jaschan wanda aka riga aka san shi da ƙirƙirar ƙwayar Netsky.
  • Wannan kwayar cutar ta fada cikin rukunin tsutsa da ke yaduwa ta Intanet
  • Shiga cikin ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi
  • Yana da alhakin rage saurin amsawa ga kwamfutoci masu cutar
  • Yayin da ya rage gudu ga kwamfutoci, ya hana a sake kunna shi
  • Ya haifar da matsaloli daban -daban na abubuwan more rayuwa a sassa da dama na duniya
  • Yana amfani da kwaro wanda ke da tsarin Windows
  • Tana neman hanyar da za ta kwaikwayi kanta a kan kwamfutoci har sai an kasa amfani da na’urar da abin ya shafa.
  • Ya haifar da lahani da kashe kudi da yawa a maido da shi, an kiyasta kusan dala miliyan 18.000
  • Neman Jaschen a matsayin marubucin wannan ƙwayar har yanzu ƙarami ne, don haka ya sami jumla 21 kawai
  • Ya yi amfani da kowane lahani da rauni wanda LSASS ya gabatar azaman Windows XP / 2000
  • Yana sa kwamfutar da abin ya shafa ta sake farawa ta atomatik
  • Lokacin da kuke son gujewa kamuwa da irin wannan ƙwayar cuta a cikin tsarin aiki na Windows XP / 2000, ana bada shawarar zazzage facin tsaro.
  • An tsara shi don gudanar da matakai 128
  • Ana duba adadi mai yawa na adiresoshin IP bazuwar ta hanyar kwamfutar da ta kamu
  • Shigar da sabar FTP a tashar jiragen ruwa 5554 domin a iya saukar da ita daga na'urorin da suka kamu.
  • Bayan shiga tsarin kwamfutar yana buɗe harsashi mai nisa akan kwamfutar da ke tashar TCO 9996 don saukar da kwafin kanta
  • Wata hanyar da za a lalata wannan ƙwayar cuta ita ce ta zazzage takamaiman kayan aikin lalata
  • Dole ne a shigar da Tacewar zaɓi na sirri akan kwamfutocin da ke da haɗin Intanet
  • Hakanan zaka iya tace TCP / 445, TCP / 5554, da tashoshin TCP / 9996.

Zeus

  • Sunan wannan ƙwayar cuta ta fito ne daga allahn Olympus allahn walƙiya
  • Shigar da ƙwayoyin cuta 5 mafi haɗari a cikin tarihi
  • Ana ganin wannan ƙwayar cuta ta faɗa cikin rukunin Trojan
  • Aikinsa shi ne aiwatar da kamuwa da cuta ga kwamfutoci da na'urori daban -daban tare da tsarin aikin Windows
  • Manufarta ita ce aiwatar da nau'ikan zamba iri -iri
  • Ya bayyana a karon farko a 2009
  • An bayyana shi ta hanyar lalata bayanan bayanai na kayan aikin da aka sabunta
  • Misalin wuraren da aka kai harin sun hada da bankuna, Amazon, Oracle, da sauransu
  • Kimanin adadin kwamfutocin da wannan ƙwayar cuta ta shafa kusan kwamfutoci miliyan ɗaya ne
  • Ana ɗaukar wannan ƙwayar cuta a matsayin shirin mai rikitarwa, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa har ta shafi kwamfutoci masu yuwuwa
  • Ya sami damar sata har dala miliyan 70
  • Wani muhimmin al'amari shi ne, ba a gano mahaliccinsa ba, kasancewar yana da damuwa kan yiwuwar kai sabon hari
  • Asalin wannan ƙwayar cuta an ƙirƙiro ta ne don tarwatsa Ma'aikatar Sufuri ta Amurka.
  • Yana kutsawa cikin kwamfutocin mutane don satar bayanan su na sirri, musamman bayanan bankin mai amfani.
  • Bincika bayanan bayanan da aka bayar a cikin shafuka daban -daban don samun damar sa baki ga mutumin da ke dauke da kwamfutar
  • Yana yadawa ta hanyar imel
  • Yi amfani da sunayen sanannun kamfanoni don yaudarar mutane da tallan don aiwatar da fayil ko haɗin
  • Halayensa ta hanyar tattarawa da kuma watsawa ga wasu na uku bayanai da bayanan sirri na mai amfani da kwamfutar da ta kamu da cutar
  • Cire duk wani bayanai da bayanan da na'urar ke da su
  • An sani cewa wannan ƙwayar cuta na iya shigar da kanta akan kwamfutar ba tare da mai amfani ya lura da babban fayil ɗin UserProfileApplication ba.
  • Abu mai haɗari game da wannan ƙwayar cuta shine cewa an ɓoye shi a cikin saitunan tsarin tsoho
  • Lokacin da aka sanya shi a kan na'urar, wurin yana da wuyar ganewa
  • Yi canje -canje ba zato ba tsammani ga tsarin
  • Akwai sigogi daban -daban na wannan ƙwayar cuta, don haka tana iya yin aiki daban gwargwadon kwamfutar

Idan kuna son sanin komai game da shirye -shirye, to ana gayyatar ku don karanta labarin ta Tarihin harsunan shirye -shirye, inda aka yi bayanin asalinku tare da bayananku da muhimman kwanakin

riga-kafi

Saboda babbar matsalar da ƙwayoyin cuta ke haifarwa, dole ne a ba da kariya a kan na'urar, wanda ke ba da tabbacin cewa bayanan mai amfani da bayanan keɓaɓɓun suna da aminci, kuma ana iya gujewa asarar bayanai da kayan aiki, saboda ana amfani da wannan riga -kafi.

Antiviruses sune ke kare na’urorinmu, amma yana da mahimmanci a sabunta su saboda akwai sabbin ƙwayoyin cuta kowace rana. Akwai nau'ikan iri waɗanda daga cikin mashahuran su: Avast, Bitdefender, AVG, LINE, Avira Tsaro, Kspersky, Norton, VPN da tsaro, Tsaro Mai Tsaro, Tsabtace Cutar, Tsaron Panda da sauransu.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1. Hakkin bayanan: Actualidad Blog
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.