Software Database: Siffofi, Nau'i, da Ƙari

Kayan fasaha da na'urori suna da sassan ma'ana don aiwatar da aikin su, wannan shine aka sani da software na asali wanda ke gabatar da nau'ikan tsari daban -daban.

base-2-software

Ya ƙunshi sassan ma'ana na kwamfuta

Base software

A halin yanzu muna rayuwa a cikin duniyar da fasaha ke da mahimmanci don ayyukan yau da kullun, softwares sune shirye -shiryen da ake samu a cikin kwamfutoci waɗanda ke ba da izinin aiwatar da hankali a cikin jerin bayanai, da kuma canja wurin bayanai da ragowa. na'urar lantarki.

Mu'amalar hardware da software tare da kayan aiki ana sarrafa su ta hanyar direbobi, saboda wannan ya zama dole na'urar ko kwamfutar ta sami direbobi masu kula da aiwatar da tsarin aiki ta isasshen hanya. A cikin waɗannan kwamfutoci za ku iya samun shirye -shirye daban -daban waɗanda suka dogara kan canja wurin bayanai tsakanin tsarin aiki zuwa kwamfutar.

Kowane sashe mai ma'ana na kwamfutar ana sarrafa shi ta software na asali, wannan kuma ana kiranta software software; yana kula da aikace -aikacen kwamfuta waɗanda ke cikin kwamfutar waɗanda ke da mahimmanci don hulɗa da mai amfani tare da ƙirar da ke cikin na'urorin lantarki, saboda wannan yana da mahimmanci a san nau'ikan da halayensu.

Halaye na stushe na kayan aiki

Ofaya daga cikin ayyukansa shine baiwa tsarin hulɗa tsakanin na'urar da mai amfani, don tabbatar da inganci yayin aiwatar da shirye -shiryen da aka shigar da umarnin da aka shigar. Ta wannan hanyar zaku iya haɓaka ƙima a cikin tsarin aiki na kwamfuta, don haka kuna da damar amfani da duk fa'idodin tare da kowane sabuntawa.

Godiya ga software na asali, kayan aiki da na'urori suna da ikon haɓaka aikin su a cikin tsarin, wato yana haɓaka saurin canja wurin bayanai don gujewa kowace matsala a aiwatar da wani shiri ko aikace -aikace; haka nan, yana ba da kayan aiki daban -daban da za a yi amfani da su a yanayi daban -daban.

Ana ƙaruwa aikin a cikin tsarin aiki ta hanyar gudanar da software na asali, godiya ga wannan ana iya haɓaka rayuwar amfanin na'urorin da ke haɗa kwamfutar. Don haka ana iya cewa ana adana aikin fasaha tare da mafi yawan lokacin dacewa da sabbin abubuwan da ake samarwa a kowace rana, don a iya amfani da shi don mafi yawan lokaci.

A halin yanzu akwai tsare -tsare iri daban -daban da ke da ingantattun ingantattun manhajoji, daga ciki Windows ya yi fice, wanda ya kunshi tsarin aiki da Microsoft ya kirkira, kamar yadda akwai Mac Os da Apple ya kirkiro; An san waɗannan samfuran a duk duniya don kasancewa samfuran inganci da samar da ɗayan mafi kyawun sabis a fagen sarrafa kwamfuta.

Idan kuna son sani game da fasahar da ke haɓaka haɓaka shafin yanar gizo, to ana gayyatar ku don karanta labarin ta Menene Drupal? inda aka bayyana halayensa, kayayyaki, ayyuka, gine -gine da labarai.

Iri

Kamfanoni da yawa suna shiga cikin haɓaka tsarin kuma suna zama software na tushe don haɓaka ingancin aiwatar da bayanai. Halayen kowannensu ya bambanta musamman a cikin aikin dubawa, kazalika da adadin kayan aikin da mai amfani ke da su don amfani dangane da yanayin da ya taso.

Dangane da sashin da sassan ma'ana ke cikin kayan aiki, ana iya ƙayyade wasu takamaiman software na asali, waɗanda ke da takamaiman aiki kuma suna taimakawa aiwatar da aikace -aikacen kamar yadda mai amfani ya yi amfani da shi. Hakanan suna da mahimmanci don fara kwamfutar ko don daidaitawar da kuke son aiwatarwa a cikin tsarin aiki

Manhaja ta asali ita ce ke da alhakin aiwatar da daidai tsarin aiki a kwamfutar, akwai nau’o’i da yawa da suka bambanta da ayyukansu da karfinsu. Saboda wannan, waɗannan sune nau'ikan waɗanda galibi ana amfani da su a cikin tsarin aiki tare da manyan halayensu don ku sami fa'idodi da iyakokin su:

Na'urar direbobi

Daga cikin nau'ikan software na asali, ya ƙunshi direbobi waɗanda kuma aka sani da direbobi na kayan aiki. Babban aikinsa shine fassarar bayanan da aka canza daga tsarin aiki zuwa na’ura, ta wannan hanyar yana sarrafa hulɗar abubuwan da ke Ana shigar da su a cikin kwamfutar, ta hanyar da za ta ba da damar ingantaccen aikinta.

Ta hanyar wannan software na asali a matsayin direba akwai hanyar haɗin kowane kayan aiki zuwa software mai dacewa, waɗannan abubuwan na zahiri suna buƙatar sashi mai ma'ana a cikin kwamfutar don ta iya aika siginar a cikin siginar ragowa don aiwatar da aikin sifa; tare da wannan, mai amfani yana da damar aiwatar da kowane sashi a duk lokacin da ya zama dole.

Yana ba da damar yin amfani da wani aiki a cikin tsarin aiki ta hanyar saitin abubuwan haɗin jiki waɗanda aka shigar ko aka haɗa da kwamfutar. Direbobi suna kula da sarrafa kowane kayan masarufi don haka an tsara su ta yadda mai amfani ba shi da rikitarwa wajen aiwatar da sashi mai ma'ana na takamaiman shirin.

base-3-software

Masu Shirin Shirin

Wani software na asali shine mai ɗaukar nauyin shirin wanda ke da ikon sarrafa aiwatar da kowane shiri akan kwamfutar tare da sarrafa kammala duk wani aiki da aka baiwa tsarin, wannan kuma ana kiranta Setup, shine ke da alhakin baiwa mai amfani da sarrafawa ƙungiyoyin aiki na dijital akan na'urar don haɓaka aikinsa.  

Godiya ga wannan software, ana iya aiwatar da kowane aiki akan kwamfutar ta hanyar shirye -shirye ko takamaiman aikace -aikacen, wannan saboda wasu lokuta na'urorin ba sa iya kammala aikin saboda rashin wadataccen abin da ke taimakawa wajen canja wurin bayanai. tsarin aiki zuwa shirin, yana fallasa kansa ga hulɗar mai amfani.

Tare da masu lodin shirin, kowane siginar da aka aiko ta abubuwan haɗin jiki za a iya kashe ta cikin isasshen hanya tare da software da aka yi amfani da ita, ana canja bayanai daga lokacin da shirin ya fara har zuwa lokacin da aka rufe aikace -aikacen sa, kwamfutar tana kula da adana fayiloli ko bayanai na wucin gadi. kamar yadda mai amfani ya umarce shi da tsarin aiki.       

base-4-software  

BIOS

BIOS babbar manhaja ce ta asali a cikin tsarin aiki, shi ma yana ɗaya daga cikin sanannun masu amfani saboda ana iya magance matsaloli da yawa ta wannan kayan aikin. Yana gudana daga lokacin da kwamfutar ta sa takalmin don haka yana nan a cikin kowace na'ura ko na’urar lantarki don ta iya aiwatar da fara tsarin daidai.

Ana sarrafa kayan aikin kwamfuta ta BIOS kuma yana ba da damar cewa mai amfani zai iya samun dama da sarrafawa ta hanyar madannai na latsa takamaiman maɓalli wanda dole ne a kafa shi a cikin saitin wannan software ta asali. Ta hanyar wannan zaku iya shigar da menu na ciki na tsarin aiki don yin kowane gyare -gyare game da kwamfutar kamar yadda lamarin yake.

Akwai yuwuwar tsarin aiki ya gaza a cikin kwamfutar ko akwai rikitarwa wajen aiwatar da wani shiri, ta hanyar BIOS yana yiwuwa a dawo ko gyara wannan gazawar a cikin kayan aiki, duk da haka akwai kuma yiwuwar kwamfutar ta kuskure a cikin BIOS don haka ana buƙatar tsari mai rikitarwa don gyara shi.

base-5-software

firmware

A ƙarshe, akwai software na asali da ake kira Firmware, yana da manyan halaye waɗanda ke ba masu amfani damar amfani da shi a kwamfutar su ba tare da samun wata matsala ba wajen aiwatar da wani shiri. Ya ƙunshi ƙwaƙwalwar ciki na na'urar da ba za a iya kawar da ita tare da tsarin ba, ita ma tana da alhakin gudanar da da'irar da ke haɗa kayan don su yi aiki ta hanya mafi kyau.

Idan kuna son sani game da yaren shirye -shirye, to ana ƙarfafa ku don ganin labarin akan C shirye -shirye, inda aka yi bayanin fa'idodinsa, rashin amfanin sa da ƙari.

Kayan aiki

Sun ƙunshi shirye -shiryen da aka girka akan kwamfutoci don su zama abin dubawa, ta yadda su ne babban tsarin na’urar. Hakanan yana cikin BIOS mai dacewa na kwamfutar, tunda ta hanyar saitin saiti da ayyukan da dole ne a aiwatar dasu a cikin kayan aikin ana iya keɓance su gwargwadon buƙatun mai amfani.

Ta hanyar tsarin aiki azaman software na tushe, ana iya kafa ingantaccen aiki yayin aiwatar da aikace -aikacen da canja wurin bayanai waɗanda dole ne a aiwatar dasu, saurin aiki yana da girma, don haka rage matsaloli a Fara Computer da amfani da takamaiman shirin da ke buƙatar albarkatun kwamfuta, don wannan yana da mahimmanci la'akari da saitunan BIOS.

Yana kafa yanayi a cikin tsarin kwamfuta don sauƙaƙa sauƙin amfani da shirye -shirye daban -daban waɗanda aka shigar a cikin kwamfutar; Yana da mahimmanci don aiwatar da kwatankwacin zazzage kowane software da ake buƙata a cikin kayan aikin kuma an ba da tabbacin aikinsa a 100% na aikinsa har ma da ingancinsa, godiya ga wannan saurin canja wurin bayanai da ake aiwatarwa a kowane sashi shine cikin kankanin lokaci.

Saboda wannan, yana da matukar mahimmanci cewa mai amfani yana da ilimin game da halaye da albarkatun da aka kafa a cikin kwamfuta ko a cikin naúrar, ta wannan hanyar za su iya samun hanyar inganta ayyukan su na asali kuma bi da bi don ƙara sabbin aikace -aikace waɗanda gudanar da tsarin aiki na kwamfuta, yana faɗaɗa amfaninsu a fannoni daban -daban kamar yadda mai amfani ya shigar.

Tsarukan aiki azaman software na asali ana sifanta su da kasancewa shirye -shirye waɗanda ke da ƙarfi mafi girma akan kwamfutar, bi da bi, suna da adadi mafi girma akan sauran nau'ikan software, don haka akwai babban ƙarfin adanawa da motsa bayanai daban -daban, wato , kuna da yuwuwar aiwatar da shirye -shirye daban -daban a lokaci guda ba tare da tsarin ya rushe a cikin aikinsa ba.

Ofaya daga cikin tsarin aiki na yau da kullun ko wanda aka fi amfani da shi saboda halayen sa shine Windows, wannan ya faru ne saboda ƙirarsa ta fasaha da bayanai, tunda tana da kayan aiki daban -daban waɗanda ke ba da damar aiwatar da mafi kyawun software da aka sanya akan kwamfutar, yana da Buɗewa tushen don mai amfani yana da yuwuwar kafa tsarin keɓaɓɓun su kuma daidaita da ayyukan su.

Hakanan akwai tsarin aiki wanda Apple ya kirkira wanda ya ƙunshi Mac Os, yana da yuwuwar za a iya rufe tushen da aka ƙaddara ta yadda mai amfani zai iya hana bayanan da aka kashe akan kwamfutar. Hakanan, akwai Linux da Unix waɗanda ke da halayen gabatarwa tare da lambar buɗe don kasancewa ga mai amfani wanda ya girka ta akan kwamfutar su ko na’urar su.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Hakkin bayanan: Actualidad Blog
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.