Mitundu ya makabati a pc ndi mawonekedwe ake

Mitundu Yoyang'anira-1

Mitundu yamakabati a PC, pali mitundu yambiri pamsika wamakompyuta yomwe yasintha kapangidwe kake kuyambira pomwe amawonekera, onse ali ndi mawonekedwe awo, tiwawonetsa munkhaniyi.

Mitundu ya Cabinet

ndi mitundu ya makabati a PC Mdziko la makompyuta ndi kapangidwe kake, kotchedwanso kuti kompyutayi, kabokosi, chassis kapena nsanja, imapangidwa ndi zinthu zolimba, zimatha kupangidwa ndi pulasitiki kapena chitsulo, zimakhala ndi ntchito yoteteza zomwe zili mkati mwa kompyuta kuchokera kuzinthu zakunja monga chinyezi, fumbi kapena china chilichonse chomwe chimawononga zida.

Mitundu yamakabati amakompyuta, am'makompyuta, amadziwikanso ndi mayina osiyanasiyana, kupanga kwawo kumapangidwa ndi zinthu zolimba monga chitsulo kapena mapulasitiki olimba, pakati pa ntchito zomwe ali nazo, chachikulu ndikuteteza zinthu zamkati mwa othandizira akunja zachilengedwe zomwe zimawononga makompyuta nthawi zambiri.

Mumsika wamakompyuta pali mitundu iliyonse yamakabati amakompyuta omwe angagulidwe malingana ndi kukoma ndi zosowa zapadera za wogwiritsa ntchito, pansipa tiona zotsatirazi:

Barebone

Kabati yamtunduwu ili ndi kapangidwe kake ngati kansanja kakang'ono, kukula kwake kumasintha kukhala malo opapatiza, kukhala chimodzi mwazinthu zazikuluzikulu zamtunduwu, chifukwa chake amasankhidwa ndi ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri, komabe, amapereka zovuta zina zomwe zimakhala ndikukula kwa zida zake, vutoli sililola zowonjezera zowonjezera.

Mtundu wa PC kabati umakhalanso ndi mbali ina yomwe imapangitsa kuti ikhale yosavomerezeka, monga kutentha kwambiri, zonse chifukwa cha kuchepa kwake, komabe mpweya wabwino umadalira kwambiri mtundu wa zowonjezera ndi zofuna zamagetsi.

Kuphatikiza apo, makabati amtunduwu omwe ali ndi madoko ambiri a USB ndi cholinga chothandizira zida zawo zochepa, monga: floppy drive yomwe imalola kusintha zida zakunja, USB disk kapena memory, pamapeto pake amatchedwanso Cube chifukwa cha mawonekedwe awo .

Mini nsanja

Ndi mtundu wa kabati womwe umapangidwa ndi malo amodzi kapena awiri a 5 ¼ drive drive, ndi awiri kapena atatu 3 1/2 "malo oyendetsa, zonse zimadalira pa bolodi la amayi, mutha kuwonjezera makhadi ena owonjezera omwe amapangitsa makompyuta kugwira ntchito wokometsedwa.

Mitundu Yoyang'anira-2

Mwambiri, mtunduwu sukubweretsa zovuta ndi madoko a USB otenthedwa, mitundu ya kabati yaying'ono yamtunduwu imakhala ndi mndandanda wazogulitsa zambiri, ngakhale ili yaying'ono, zina zimatha kuwonjezeredwa ku kabati, kutentha kwake kukhala wabwinobwino ndipo sizimabweretsa mavuto amtundu uliwonse.

Kompyuta

Mtundu uwu wa kabati, uli ndi kutchuka komwe kumasiyanitsidwa ndi nsanja zazing'ono ndi kapangidwe kake, ndi imodzi mwogulitsa kwambiri pakadali pano, choyenera kwambiri ndikuchiyika pa desiki, chomwe chimathandiza kwambiri kuchepetsa zosungira mkati., kawirikawiri chowunikira chimayikidwa pafupi ndi iwe.

Nyumba yosanja theka kapena theka nsanja

Mwa mitundu ya makabati a pc, ndi mtunduwu, uli ndi kukula kwakukulu, kotero ndibwino kuyika zida zambiri pakompyuta, pafupifupi nthawi zonse makabati awa amakhala ndi ma "ays" anayi, ndi ma 5 ½ "anayi. malo okwanira omwe amakulolani kuyika makhadi owonjezera ndi zida zina, komabe, zonse zimadalira pa bokosilo lomwe limavomereza kuwonjezera zinthu zina.

Torre

Ndilo kabati yotakasuka kwambiri komanso yabwino kwambiri yazitundu zonse zomwe zimapangidwira zida zapakhomo, mutha kuwonjezera zida ndi zida zingapo zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kukula kwa makhadi ndi kuchuluka kwake, kuvomereza.

Mwa mitundu iyi titha kutchulapo nsanja zodziwika bwino zowerengera, zomwe zimatha kukhala ndi mayunitsi ambiri ama CD kapena DVD, ndipo pakati pawo zili ndi malo owonjezera zinthu zina.

Seva

Ndi mtundu wa nduna yomwe siyolimbikitsidwa kwambiri kugwiritsidwa ntchito zapakhomo, chifukwa ili ndi nsanja yayikulu kupatula kuti ilibe mawonekedwe okongoletsa, imatenga malo ambiri, amayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kumadera akutali ndi kumene pali kulowererapo kwakukulu kwa anthu, monga kukonza deta.

Cholinga chokhazikitsa makabatiwa ndichopereka mwayi kwa wogwiritsa ntchito, potengera zinthu zina zomwe sizimayimira zofunikira kwambiri, chofunikira ndi ma seva ndi mpweya wabwino womwe dongosolo lonse lili nawo.

Mtundu wotere wa seva, nthawi zambiri umakhala ndi gwero la mphamvu ndi kutentha kutentha kotero kuti upitilize kugwira ntchito yake ngati ntchito iliyonse ingalephereke, zida izi zimalumikizidwa ndi magetsi osaduka (UPS kapena UPS), omwe amateteza zida ku ma spikes amagetsi, komanso ali ndi mphamvu yolephera pamaukonde amagetsi, seva imapitilizabe kugwira ntchito kwakanthawi.

Rack

Kabati yamtunduwu ndi yofanana ndi mtundu wa seva, ntchito yake imakhazikika pochita zochitika zazikulu ndipo ali ndi mphamvu zazikulu kuposa zida zina zilizonse.

Mitundu iyi ndiyomwe imalumikizidwa ndi mipando ina malingana ndi miyezo, mu mtundu uwu wa kabati amaikidwa m'malo ozizira bwino, komwe kumafunikira chifukwa chakutentha komwe kumachitika mukamapanga kusanthula deta .

Pankhani yakuzizira kwa PC, tikukupemphani kuti dinani Kuzirala kwa pc kwamadzimadzi.

Zonyamula

Mtundu uwu wa nduna umapangidwa ndi dongosolo lomwe silingathe kulekanitsidwa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti nduna ili ndi zonse zophatikizidwa, zomwe sizimalola kuti zikule, komanso zimatentha kwambiri komanso mosavuta chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa magawo onse mu nduna gulu.

Kukula kwa kabati kameneka kumadalira pazenera lomwe laphatikizira, komanso zida zonse, ndipo nthawi ikamapita, imawonekera pamsika ndi miyeso yopyapyala, mwachitsanzo ma ultrabook.

Mitundu Yoyang'anira-3

Komabe, imapereka mwayi waukulu, makompyuta amaphatikizidwa ndi nduna, monga kiyibodi, chowunikira, ndi gulu logwira, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale kompyuta yotheka.

Kuphatikizidwa pazenera

Ndi mtundu wa kabati, womwe umapangidwa mwapadera, ndikukula kwa malo momwe amapangira kuchokera kumbuyo ndi chowunikira cha CRT kapena chophimba cha LCD, chomwe chimaphatikiza zida zoyambira zosiyanasiyana zogwirira ntchito, monganso mavabodi, litayamba, disk yoyendetsa, magetsi, mafani, mwazida zina.

Mtunduwu udapangidwa kuti uganizire zosunga danga, uli ndi msonkhano ndi ukadaulo wogwiritsa ntchito ngati zida zonyamula; Kukula kwa zinthu ndizochepa pamalingaliro amlengalenga, pazinthu zonsezi amakhala ndi chuma chambiri.

Makabati ochiritsira

Ndi mtundu wa makabati omwe amasankhidwa ndi ogwiritsa ntchito wamba, komabe, sikuti ali ndi mawonekedwe enaake, amakwaniritsa zofunikira zofunika posunga zigawozo ndikuziteteza kuzinthu zoyambira.

Makabati opanga masewera

Mtundu uwu wa kabati nthawi zambiri umatsagana ndi kuyatsa kwa Led, komanso mtundu wa firiji wopitilira zosowa za chisamaliro cha zinthu zomwe zimatsimikizira mphamvu.

Ili ndi mapangidwe owoneka bwino, mitundu yake ina imakhala ndi galasi lotentha pazotsekera mbali zonse za zida, zomwe zimagwira ntchito kuwonetsa zomwe zili mkatimo.

Nduna yopingasa

Ili ndi chitsulo chokhala ndi mawonekedwe amakona anayi, imayikidwa mozungulira, imakutidwa ndi fiberglass base, pepala kapena mtundu wa pulasitiki wosagwira.

Mitundu Yoyang'anira-4

Ma PC PC Cabinet

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamakina a pc, pamakhala mitundu pamsika wama makabati apakompyuta, ali ndi mawonekedwe awo, omwe ndi:

Danga lamkati

Danga lamkati lomwe kabati yamakompyuta ili nalo ndi gawo lofunikira, chifukwa limathandizira pakukonzekera bwino zinthu zonse, pokhala vuto lofunika kuzirala, zomwe zimapangitsa zida kuti zizipeleka mphamvu.

Chingwe kasamalidwe

Zingwe ndizofunikira kulumikiza zida ndi kapangidwe ka kompyuta, zimagawidwa ndikuyikidwa m'malo abwino kuti zisawoneke, kuwonjezera apo sizimabweretsa zovuta pazochita za wogwiritsa ntchito.

Kugwirizana

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti nthawi zina makabati amakompyuta sagwirizana ndi ma board a ATX ndi MIcroATX, ndi vuto lomwe siliyenera kunyalanyazidwa, chifukwa ndichachangu.

Kutuluka kwa mpweya ndi kuzirala

Makabati ambiri amakhala ndi mafani awo akuthambo ndi cholinga chakuti mpweya uzilowa mu zida, zimachitikanso kumbuyo kuti tipewe kudzikundikira kwa mpweya wotentha.

Kulumikizana kutsogolo

Zinthu izi nthawi zambiri zimayikidwa kutsogolo, kuti zilumikizane ndi bolodi la amayi kuti zizitha kugwira ntchito, malinga ndi zomwe wogwiritsa ntchito amafunikira, madoko awa atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Mitundu Yoyang'anira-5

Ma hard drive kapena ma drive oyang'ana

Pakadali pano sichimabweretsa zovuta, titha kuwona kuti makabati ambiri amakompyuta ali ndi zipindazi zama drive oyenda ndi 2,5 ndi 3,5.

Zinthu zomwe zili mu kabati

Pali zinthu zingapo zomwe zimalowa mkati mwa kabati kapena momwe kompyuta imagwirira ntchito, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti magwiridwe ake athe, zomwe ndi izi:

  • Hard disk (HD).
  • FRAME.
  • Gwero la mphamvu.
  • Mbale kapena Network card.
  • Khadi la kanema kapena mbale.
  • Purosesa.
  • Khadi lakumveka kapena khadi.
  • Bokosi la amayi kapena bolodi la amayi.
  • Yosungirako.
  • Ma drive oyendetsa owerenga DVD ndi Blu-Ray ndi owerenga makhadi.

Kufunika kwa nduna

Mitundu ya makabati a pc, omwe amadziwika kuti makina apakompyuta, amaimira kufunikira kwakukulu chifukwa ndi kapangidwe kazitsulo zosagwira zomwe zimakhala ndi ntchito yoteteza zinthu zamkati zomwe zili muzipangizazo.

Kuphatikiza pa chitetezo, imaperekanso bungwe komanso kumasuka kwa maulalo osiyanasiyana amkati kuti agwirizane bwino.

Kufunika kwa makabati awa ndikutsimikizira kuti zida zamkati, kuti zizitetezedwa kuzinthu zakunja zomwe zimawononga moyo wazida, zomwe zimatchulidwa: fumbi, kutentha ndi zina.

Kugawidwa kwachigawo

Bokosi lamakompyuta limatha kukhala ndi mabokosi azipangizo zamagetsi zomwe zimagawa mphamvu pakompyuta yonse, komanso malo oyendetsera ma DVD, ma CD, ndi zinthu zina.

Ponena za gulu lakumbuyo, lili ndi zolumikizira zoyenera kuzipangizo zochokera pa bolodi la amayi, komanso makhadi owonjezera, makhadi ojambula, pomwe pagulu lakutsogolo kuli mphamvu, mabatani obwezeretsanso ndi ma LED omwe akuwonetsa mawonekedwe amagetsi , kugwiritsa ntchito hard disk ndi intaneti.

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti makabati ambiri akale anali ndi mabatani a turbo omwe amalepheretsa kugwiritsa ntchito purosesa, ndipo pakapita nthawi akhala akusowa chifukwa amadziwika kuti ndi akale.

Zitha kuwoneka pamakina atsopano a kabati, mapanelo omwe amatha kulumikiza zida zosinthidwa monga USB memory, Firewire, mahedifoni, maikolofoni, komanso owerenga makhadi okumbukira.

Momwemonso, zowonetsera za LCD zitha kuwonetsedwa zomwe zimawonetsa wogwiritsa ntchito microprocessor, kutentha, nthawi yamachitidwe, tsiku, ndi zina zofunika, zambiri mwa zida izi ziyenera kulumikizidwa pa bolodi la amayi, kuti ntchito yawo ikhale yosavuta- yochezeka komanso yosavuta, yomwe imakonza bwino makinawo.

Kusamalira nduna

Makonzedwe a nyumbazi ndikofunikira kuti mukhale osamala kwambiri ndi zinthu zamkati ndi zigawo zake, monga mbale zoyambira, zomwe nthawi zonse zimamangiriridwa pansi, nthawi zina kumapeto amodzi a mkati mwa nduna, chilichonse chomwe chingachitike zimadalira kapangidwe ka nduna, komanso momwe kagawidwe kazinthuzi zikupezeka.

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti mitundu ina ya makabati monga mtundu wa ATX, kapangidwe kake kali ndi mipata yomwe iyenera kutsegulidwa kuti ikalowetse zida zolowetsera ndi zotulutsira, zomwe zimaphatikizidwa mu bolodi la amayi pazida zam'mbali, amakhalanso ndi mipata yapadera yolumikizana, ngati wogwiritsa ntchito akufuna kusintha zida zake.

Sitiyenera kusiyidwa pankhani yokonza ndi magetsi, omwe amayenera kukhala pamwamba, ndikuwongolera, ayenera kuchotsedwa mosamala mukamakonza.

Zinthu zina zomwe zimatha kusunthidwa mosavuta kuti zichite bwino kuyeretsa ndikukonza, pali gulu loyang'ana kutsogolo lomwe mumitundu ina monga mapangidwe a ATX ali ndi malo okwana 51/4 ”momwe owerenga owonera, owerenga USB komanso zokumbukira zazowonera zimaphatikizidwa.

Kufikira mkati mwa nduna

Kuti mulowe mkatikati mwa makabati apakompyuta, nyumba zamakono zili ndi gulu limodzi, ngati chivundikiro chomwe chimakhala chosavuta kumasula, chimamangiriridwa ku nduna, ndipo ikachotsedwa imaloleza kufikira zinthu zonse monga mavabodi, makhadi okulitsa, ndi zida zosiyanasiyana zosungira deta.

Kuti muwone m'maganizo mwanu makabati a pc mkati, ziyenera kudziwika kuti zomangamanga zomwe zili ndi gulu limodzi, ndizofanana ndi chivundikiro chosavuta kuchichotsa, chomwe chalumikizidwa ndi zomangira zapadera ku kabati, ndipo atachotsedwa amatha muwone zinthu zonse zomwe zili mkati mwa nduna monga: bolodi la amayi, makhadi okulitsa ndi zida zina zomwe ndizofunikira posunga zidziwitso.

Mitundu ya makabati a pc ndi achikale ndipo poyerekeza ndimapangidwe amakono, kuti athe kusintha kapena kuchotsa ma disk, komanso zinthu zina, zigawo ziwiri zam'mbali ziyenera kuchotsedwa, ndikumasula zomangira zingapo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta. .

Komabe, m'masiku ano amakono pali makabati angapo momwe zimakhala zosavuta kuchotsa zolowera popanda kufunikira zida zapadera, chifukwa zomangira zimalowetsedwa ndi njanji zamapulasitiki zabwino zomwe zimasamalira ndi kukonza zothandiza komanso zosavuta. , kunja ndi mkati.

Mbiri ya makabati amakompyuta

Mukamayankhula za kabati yamakompyuta, chidwi chimabadwa chofuna kudziwa momwe zidazi zidakhalira zofunikira pazida zamakompyuta.

 

Ndikofunikira kuti owerenga adziwe kuti izi zimachokera ku 1972, kampani ya Intel itangopanga microprocessor yoyamba kudziwika, pokhala nambala 4004, yomwe idatsegula makompyuta kuti alowe m'nyumba, zomwe Zomwezi zidachitikanso pambuyo pake ndi Apple mu 1976; ndiye mu 1977 Commodore ndi Tandy adawonekera.

Kampani ya Commodore idayamba kupanga makompyuta amodzi omwe anali ndi kiyibodi ndi maginito owerenga matepi, komanso Tandy's TRS-80, yomwe idawonjezera chowunikira ndi zingwe zosiyana, pomwe Apple idagulitsa makompyuta ake opanda kabati kuti iwateteze.

Makompyuta ambiri apanyumba atapitilira ndi mzere wophatikizira kiyibodi mu kabati yamakompyuta, makampani a Commodore ndi Thomson adapereka zosankha zina mu 1982 ndi mtundu wa Commodore VIC 20, komanso Thomson TO7 yotchuka, omwe anali ndi zigawozo mosiyana: kiyibodi ndi komiti yoyang'anira nduna, Macintosh 128K yokha, ndidapitiliza ndikuwonjezera chowunikira mu kabati, ndikuwonetsa kapangidwe kodabwitsa pamasiku ano.

Popita nthawi, zida zambiri zapakhomo zidapitilira ndi cholinga cholumikiza kiyibodi ku kabati, iyenera kukhala makampani odziwika Commodore ndi Thomson, mu 1982, adapanga zida zina, makamaka mtundu wa Commodore VIC 20, ndi Thomson T07 yotchuka, adawerengera padera zida monga kiyibodi ndi chowunikira, ndi Macintosh 128K yekha, omwe amakonda kuwonjezera chowunikira mu kabati, ndikuwonetsa kapangidwe kapadera komanso kodziwika munthawizi. 

Pakapita nthawi, makampani osiyanasiyana amapanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya makabati a pc, omwe amawoneka okongola, kukhala chinthu chatsopano pakupanga makabati nkhani yampweya ndi phokoso, yomwe imasintha pakapita nthawi ngakhale pano.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazidziwitso: Blog ya Actualidad
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.